Since version 0.9, Trac supports plugins that extend the built-in functionality. The plugin functionality is based on the component architecture.
To use egg based plugins in Trac, you need to have setuptools (version 0.6) installed.
Plugins can also consist of a single `.py` file dropped into either the environment or global `plugins` directory (since 0.10).
To install `setuptools`, download the bootstrap module ez_setup.py and execute it as follows:
$ python ez_setup.py
If the `ez_setup.py` script fails to install the setuptools release, you can download it from PyPI and install it manually.
Plugins are packaged as Python eggs. That means they are ZIP archives with the file extension `.egg`. If you have downloaded a source distribution of a plugin, you can run:
$ python setup.py bdist_egg
to build the `.egg` file.
Once you have the plugin archive, you need to copy it into the `plugins` directory of the project environment. Also, make sure that the web server has sufficient permissions to read the plugin egg.
Note that the Python version that the egg is built with must match the Python version with which Trac is run. If for instance you are running Trac under Python 2.3, but have upgraded your standalone Python to 2.4, the eggs won't be recognized.
Some plugins (such as WebAdmin) are downloadable as a `.egg` file which can be installed with the `easy_install` program:
If `easy_install` is not on your system see the Requirements section above to install it. Windows users will need to add the `Scripts` directory of their Python installation (for example, `C:\Python23\Scripts`) to their `PATH` environment variable (see easy_install Windows notes for more information).
If Trac reports permission errors after installing a zipped egg and you would rather not bother providing a egg cache directory writable by the web server, you can get around it by simply unzipping the egg. Just pass `–always-unzip` to `easy_install`:
easy_install --always-unzip TracWebAdmin-0.1.1dev_r2765-py2.3.egg
You should end up with a directory having the same name as the zipped egg (complete with `.egg` extension) and containing its uncompressed contents.
Trac also searches for globally installed plugins under `$prefix/share/trac/plugins` (since 0.10).
If you downloaded the plugin's source from Subversion, or a source zip file you can install it using the included `setup.py`:
$ python setup.py install
[[:components]] webadmin.* = enabled
The name of the option is the Python package of the plugin. This should be specified in the documentation of the Plugin, but can also be easily find out by looking at the source (look for a top-level directory that contains a file named `init.py`.)
Note: After installing the plugin, you may need to restart Apache.
Some plugins will need to be extracted by the Python eggs runtime (`pkg_resources`), so that their contents are actual files on the file system. The directory in which they are extracted defaults to the home directory of the current user, which may or may not be a problem. You can however override the default location using the `PYTHON_EGG_CACHE` environment variable.
To do this from the Apache configuration, use the `SetEnv` directive as follows:
SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir
For example (for CGI):
<Location /trac> SetEnv TRAC_ENV /path/to/projenv SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir </Location>
or (for mod_python):
<Location /trac> SetHandler mod_python ... SetEnv PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/dir </Location>
Note: this requires the `mod_env` module
For FastCGI, you'll need to `-initial-env` option, or whatever is provided by your web server for setting environment variables.
If you have set up some subversion hook scripts that call the Trac engine - such as the post-commit hook script provided in the `/contrib` directory - make sure you define the `PYTHON_EGG_CACHE` environment variable within these scripts as well.
Try this from the command line:
$ python -c "import pkg_resources"
If you get no output, setuptools is installed. Otherwise, you'll need to install it before plugins will work in Trac.
Python eggs have the Python version encoded in their filename. For example, `MyPlugin-1.0-py2.4.egg` is an egg for Python 2.4, and will not be loaded if you're running a different Python version (such as 2.3 or 2.5).
Also, verify that the egg file you downloaded is indeed a ZIP archive. If you downloaded it from a Trac site, chances are you downloaded the HTML preview page instead.
If you install a plugin globally (i.e. not inside the `plugins` directory of the Trac project environment) you will have to explicitly enable it in trac.ini. Make sure that:
Trac must of course be able to read the file. Yeah, you knew that